DISNEY

Disney Primer (1994)

11994  
Wrap-around coverRichard Hoover, Tiffany2
Ti:-4
Cr:W-[N.G.]   P/L-[N.G.]   I/F-[N.G.]   L-[N.G.]   C-[N.G.]
Rm:Sneak peak of Disney's The Lion King
Ti:-4
Cr:W-[N.G.]   P/L-[N.G.]   I/F-[N.G.]   L-[N.G.]   C-[N.G.]
Rm:Sneak peak of Disney's The Little Mermaid
Ti:-4
Cr:W-[N.G.]   P/L-[N.G.]   I/F-[N.G.]   L-[N.G.]   C-[N.G.]
Rm:Sneak peak of Disney's Beauty and the Beast
Ti:-3
Cr:W-[N.G.]   P/L-[N.G.]   I/F-[N.G.]   L-[N.G.]   C-[N.G.]
Rm:Sneak peak of Disney's Aladdin

Disney's Aladdin (1994-1995)

UPC:7-59606-01302-9

Based on stories from the book "Arabian Nights".

11994/10CCA$1.50
Front coverJeffrey Albrecht
UPC: 7-59606-01302-9-00111
1
Ti:Aladdin's Quest: The forbidden chamber / The three tasks / Failure at the finish line!21 (5-11-5)
Cr:W-Lee Nordling   P/L-David Riguard   I/F-Jeffrey Albrecht   L-Phil Hugh Felix   C-Janice Parker   AsiEd-Lisa Zampella   Ed-Hildy Mesnik   E-i-C-Tom DeFalco
Lk:Internet Movie DB
21994/11CCA$1.50
Front coverJohn Blair Moore, Jeffrey Albrecht
UPC: 7-59606-01302-9-00211
1
Ti:The Pharaoh's Curse: Ankh misbehavin' / Par for the curse21 (11-10)
Cr:W-Dan Slott   P/L-David Riguard   I/F-Jeffrey Albrecht, Khato   L-Phil Hugh Felix   C-Janice Parker   AsiEd-Lisa Zampella   Ed-Hildy Mesnik   E-i-C-Tom DeFalco
31994/12CCA$1.50
Front coverRichard Hoover
UPC: 7-59606-01302-9-00311
1
Ti:Sword of Aladdin: The three gifts / Two snakes and a star21 (15-6)
Cr:W-Lee Nordling   P/L-David Riguard   I/F-Jeffrey Albrecht   L-Phil Hugh Felix   C-Janice Parker   AsiEd-Lisa Zampella   Ed-Hildy Mesnik   E-i-C-Tom DeFalco
41995/01CCA$1.50
Front coverJeffrey Albrecht, Richard Hoover
UPC: 7-59606-01302-9-00411
1
Ti:Greedy in Agrabah: Oso much trouble! / Red eyes / An overthrow rug!21 (7-7-7)
Cr:W-Lee Nordling, Boobie J.G. Weiss   P/L-David Riguard   I/F-Jeffrey Albrecht   L-Phil Hugh Felix   C-Janice Parker   AsiEd-Lisa Zampella   Ed-Hildy Mesnik   E-i-C-Tom DeFalco
51995/02CCA$1.50
Front coverRichard Hoover, Jeffrey Albrecht
UPC: 7-59606-01302-9-00511
1
Ti:Aladdin's Foolies: The dark night / Genie plays the palace!21 (7-14)
Cr:W-Jack Enyart   P/L-Richard Hoover, David Riguard   I/F-Jeffrey Albrecht, Carlos Valenti   L-Phil Hugh Felix   C-Maria Parwulski   AsiEd-Lisa Zampella   Ed-Hildy Mesnik   E-i-C-Tom DeFalco
61995/03CCA$1.50
Front coverRichard Hoover, Jeffrey Albrecht
UPC: 7-59606-01302-9-00611
1
Ti:The Mysterious Amulet: The wishing well / Between a Roc and a hard place / What's in a name?21 (11-7-3)
Cr:W-Martin Powell   P/L-David Riguard   I/F-Jeffrey Albrecht, Joe Messerli   L-Phil Hugh Felix   C-Maria Parwulski   AsiEd-Lisa Zampella   Ed-Hildy Mesnik   E-i-C-Carl Potts
71995/04CCA$1.50
Front cover?
UPC: 7-59606-01302-9-00711
1
Ti:Genie Jamboree: Panic in the palace! / All's well that plans well / Fake-out city21 (4-9-8)
Cr:W-Oprah Casseys   P/L-Eduardo Savid   I/F-Jeffrey Albrecht, Horacio Ottolini   L-Phil Hugh Felix   C-Maria Parwulski   AsiEd-Lisa Zampella   Ed-Hildy Mesnik
81995/05CCA$1.50
Front cover?
UPC: 7-59606-01302-9-00811
1
Ti:The Old Switcheroo: Now playing at the palace / It takes two to tangle21 (12-9)
Cr:W-Buzz Dixon   P/L-Eduardo Savid   I/F-Horacio Ottolini   L-Phil Hugh Felix   C-Victoria Erskine   AsiEd-Lisa Zampella   Ed-Hildy Mesnik
91995/06CCA$1.50
Front coverJeffrey Albrecht, Richard Hoover
UPC: 7-59606-01302-9-00911
1
Ti:The Archer of Agrabah: Practice makes imperfect / Taking deadly aim!21 (11-10)
Cr:W-Jack Enyart   P/L-Eduardo Savid   I/F-Horacio Ottolini   L-Phil Hugh Felix   C-Maria Parwulski   AsiEd-Lisa Zampella   Ed-Hildy Mesnik
101995/07CCA$1.50
Front coverRichard Hoover, Jeffrey Albrecht
UPC: 7-59606-01302-9-01011
1
Ti:Holiday for the Genie: The road to ruin / Aladdin's big gamble21 (12-9)
Cr:W-Jack Enyart   P/L-Eduardo Savid   I/F-Jeffrey Albrecht   L-Phil Hugh Felix   C-Maria Parwulski   AsiEd-Lisa Zampella   Ed-Hildy Mesnik
111995/08CCA$1.50
Front coverJeffrey Albrecht, Richard Hoover
UPC: 7-59606-01302-9-01111
1
Ti:Carpet Diem: - / A stray at the races! / Flight to the finish21 (5-9-7)
Cr:W-Dan Slott   P/L-Eduardo Savid   I/F-Horacio Ottolini   L-Phil Hugh Felix   C-Maria Parwulski   AsiEd-Lisa Zampella   Ed-Hildy Mesnik

Disney's Beauty and the Beast (1994-1995)

UPC:7-59606-01296-1

Based on the fairy tale by Jeanne Marie Leprince de Beaumont.

11994/09CCA$1.50
Front coverBarb Rausch, David Hunt
UPC: 7-59606-01296-1-00111
1
Ti:A Chance for Romance 1/421
Cr:W-Barbara Slate   P/L-Cosme Quartieri   I/F-Carlos Valenti   L-Janice Chiang   C-Gregory Wright   AsiEd-Lisa Zampella   Ed-Hildy Mesnik   E-i-C-Tom DeFalco   Base-Jeanne Marie Leprince de Beaumont
Lk:Internet Movie DB
21994/10CCA$1.50
Front coverBarb Rausch, David Hunt
UPC: 7-59606-01296-1-00211
1
Ti:A Chance for Romance 2/4: Wardrobe's big surprise21
Cr:W-Barbara Slate   P/L-Cosme Quartieri   I/F-Carlos Valenti   L-Janice Chiang   C-Gregory Wright   AsiEd-Lisa Zampella   Ed-Hildy Mesnik   E-i-C-Tom DeFalco
31994/11CCA$1.50
Front coverBarb Rausch, David Hunt
UPC: 7-59606-01296-1-00311
1
Ti:A Chance for Romance 3/4: The wishful walk21
Cr:W-Barbara Slate   P/L-Cosme Quartieri   I/F-Carlos Valenti   L-Janice Chiang   C-Gregory Wright   AsiEd-Lisa Zampella   Ed-Hildy Mesnik   E-i-C-Tom DeFalco
41994/12CCA$1.50
Front coverBarb Rausch, David Hunt
UPC: 7-59606-01296-1-00411
1
Ti:A Chance for Romance 4/4: Almost amour!21
Cr:W-Barbara Slate   P/L-Cosme Quartieri   I/F-Carlos Valenti   L-Janice Chiang   C-Gregory Wright   AsiEd-Lisa Zampella   Ed-Hildy Mesnik
51995/01CCA$1.50
Front coverBarb Rausch, Dave Hoover
UPC: 7-59606-01296-1-00511
1
Ti:Lurical Love 1/221
Cr:W-Barbara Slate   P/L-Cosme Quartieri   I/F-Carlos Valenti   L-Janice Chiang   C-Gregory Wright   AsiEd-Lisa Zampella   Ed-Hildy Mesnik   E-i-C-Tom DeFalco
Rm:No credits given; Credits given in Disney's Beauty and the Beast #6
61995/02CCA$1.50
Front coverBarb Rausch, Brian Garvey
UPC: 7-59606-01296-1-00611
1
Ti:Lurical Love 2/221
Cr:W-Barbara Slate   P/L-Cosme Quartieri   I/F-Carlos Valenti   L-Janice Chiang   C-Ben Sean   AsiEd-Lisa Zampella   Ed-Hildy Mesnik   E-i-C-Tom DeFalco
71995/03CCA$1.50
Front coverBarb Rausch, David Hunt
UPC: 7-59606-01296-1-00711
1
Ti:Love Tales 1/221
Cr:W-Barbara Slate   P/L-Cosme Quartieri   I/F-Carlos Valenti   L-Janice Chiang   C-Anthony Tollin   AsiEd-Lisa Zampella   Ed-Hildy Mesnik   E-i-C-Carl Potts
81995/04CCA$1.50
Front coverBarb Rausch, David Hunt
UPC: 7-59606-01296-1-00811
1
Ti:Love Tales 2/2: The rescue21
Cr:W-Barbara Slate   P/L-Cosme Quartieri   I/F-Horacio Ottolini, Carlos Valenti   L-Janice Chiang   C-Anthony Tollin   AsiEd-Lisa Zampella   Ed-Hildy Mesnik
91995/05CCA$1.50
Front coverBarb Rausch, David Hunt
UPC: 7-59606-01296-1-00911
1
Ti:Dove Tales: A masterpiece for the master21
Cr:W-Barbara Slate   P/L-Cosme Quartieri   I/F-Carlos Valenti   L-Janice Chiang   C-Anthony Tollin   AsiEd-Lisa Zampella   Ed-Hildy Mesnik
101995/06CCA$1.50
Front coverCosme Quartieri, John Romita Sr.
UPC: 7-59606-01296-1-01011
1
Ti:Deck the halls for Belle with holly21
Cr:W-Barbara Slate   P/L-Cosme Quartieri   I/F-Carlos Valenti   L-Janice Chiang   C-Anthony Tollin   AsiEd-Lisa Zampella   Ed-Hildy Mesnik
111995/07CCA$1.50
Front cover?
UPC: 7-59606-01296-1-01111
1
Ti:Belle, Book and Castle 1/221
Cr:W-Barbara Slate   P/L-Cosme Quartieri   I/F-Carlos Valenti   L-Janice Chiang   C-Anthony Tollin   AsiEd-Lisa Zampella   Ed-Hildy Mesnik
121995/08CCA$1.50
Front cover?
UPC: 7-59606-01296-1-01211
1
Ti:Belle, Book and Castle 2/2: Bound to surprise21
Cr:W-Barbara Slate   P/L-Cosme Quartieri   I/F-Carlos Valenti   L-Janice Chiang   C-Anthony Tollin   AsiEd-Lisa Zampella   Ed-Hildy Mesnik
131995/09CCA$1.50
Front coverBarb Rausch, David Hunt
UPC: 7-59606-01296-1-01311
1
Ti:The dessert disaster21
Cr:W-Barbara Slate   P/L-Cosme Quartieri   I/F-Carlos Valenti   L-Janice Chiang   C-Anthony Tollin   AsiEd-Lisa Zampella   Ed-Hildy Mesnik

Disney's The Lion King (1994)

11994/07CCA$1.50
Front coverAmanda Conner?, Jeffrey Albrecht?
Signed "Amanda/Jeff"
1
Ti:-24
Cr:W-Boobie J.G. Weiss   P/L-Sparky Moore   I/F-Sparky Moore   L-David Cody Weiss   C-Jo Meugniot   Ed-H. Macdonald, Hildy Mesnik   E-i-C-Tom DeFalco   Disney International Editor-Bob Foster   Disney International Creative Art Director-Debbie Hayes
Rm:Credits given in Disney's The Little Mermaid #4
Rp:Reprinted in ...
Lk:Internet Movie DB
21994/08CCA$1.50
Front coverAmanda Conner?, Jeffrey Albrecht?
Signed "Amanda/Jeff"
1
Ti:-22
Cr:W-Boobie J.G. Weiss   P/L-Sparky Moore   I/F-Sparky Moore   L-David Cody Weiss   C-Jo Meugniot   Ed-H. Macdonald, Hildy Mesnik   E-i-C-Tom DeFalco   Disney International Editor-Bob Foster   Disney International Creative Art Director-Debbie Hayes
Rm:Credits given in Disney's The Little Mermaid #4
Rp:Reprinted in ...
Lk:Internet Movie DB

Disney's The Lion King TPB (1994)

11994/07 $2.50
Front cover?1
Ti:-?
Cr:W-Boobie J.G. Weiss   P/L-Sparky Moore   I/F-Sparky Moore   L-David Cody Weiss   C-Jo Meugniot   Ed-H. Macdonald, Hildy Mesnik   E-i-C-Tom DeFalco   Disney International Editor-Bob Foster   Disney International Creative Art Director-Debbie Hayes
Rm:Credits given in Disney's The Little Mermaid #4
Rp:Reprint from Disney's The Lion King #1
Lk:Internet Movie DB
Ti:-?
Cr:W-Boobie J.G. Weiss   P/L-Sparky Moore   I/F-Sparky Moore   L-David Cody Weiss   C-Jo Meugniot   Ed-H. Macdonald, Hildy Mesnik   E-i-C-Tom DeFalco   Disney International Editor-Bob Foster   Disney International Creative Art Director-Debbie Hayes
Rm:Credits given in Disney's The Little Mermaid #4
Rp:Reprint from Disney's The Lion King #2
Lk:Internet Movie DB

Disney's The Little Mermaid (1994-1995)

UPC:7-59606-01299-2

Based on the fairy tale by Hans Christian Andersen.

11994/09CCA$1.50
Front coverMary Wilshire, Brian Garvey
UPC: 7-59606-01299-2-00111
1
Ti:Sink or swim21
Cr:W-Trina Robbins   P/L-Mary Wilshire   I/F-David Hunt   L-John Costanza   C-Jo Meugniot   Base-Hans Christian Andersen
Rm:Credits given in Disney's The Little Mermaid #2
Lk:Internet Movie DB
21994/10CCA$1.50
Front coverBill Fugate, David Hunt
UPC: 7-59606-01299-2-00211
1
Ti:All That Glitters: A gem of an idea / A royal pain / Twist and shout21 (7-7-7)
Cr:W-Martin Pasko   P/L-Bill Fugate, Cosme Quartieri   I/F-David Hunt   L-John Costanza   C-Ben Sean   AsiEd-Lisa Zampella   Ed-Hildy Mesnik   E-i-C-Tom DeFalco
31994/11CCA$1.50
Front coverBill Fugate, David Hunt
UPC: 7-59606-01299-2-00311
1
Ti:The Daredevilfish: - / Eye on the prize / Rockabye Seaclops21 (6-8-7)
Cr:W-Trina Robbins   P/L-Mary Wilshire   I/F-Richard Hoover   L-John Costanza   C-Ben Sean   AsiEd-Lisa Zampella   Ed-Hildy Mesnik   E-i-C-Tom DeFalco
41994/12CCA$1.50
Front coverPhilo Barnhart, Lea Hernandez
UPC: 7-59606-01299-2-00411
1
Ti:Whirlpool World: - / A sea of troubles / The tide turns21 (6-7-8)
Cr:W-Trina Robbins   P/L-Cosme Quartieri   I/F-David Hunt   L-John Costanza   C-Ben Sean   AsiEd-Lisa Zampella   Ed-Hildy Mesnik   E-i-C-Tom DeFalco
51995/01CCA$1.50
Front coverBill Fugate, David Hunt
UPC: 7-59606-01299-2-00511
1
Ti:My Dinner With Crustacea: - / Desperately seeking Crustacea / The great escape21 (7-7-7)
Cr:W-Trina Robbins   P/L-Walter Carzon   I/F-David Hunt   L-John Costanza   C-Ben Sean   AsiEd-Lisa Zampella   Ed-Hildy Mesnik   E-i-C-Tom DeFalco
61995/02CCA$1.50
Front coverBill Fugate
UPC: 7-59606-01299-2-00611
1
Ti:Room at the Palace: - / Joy to the world / ...And good will to Mermaids21 (6-7-8)
Cr:W-Trina Robbins   P/L-Bill Fugate   I/F-David Hunt   L-John Costanza   C-Ben Sean   AsiEd-Lisa Zampella   Ed-Hildy Mesnik   E-i-C-Tom DeFalco
71995/03CCA$1.50
Front coverBill Fugate, Matt Maley
Credits given in Disney's The Little Mermaid #8 / UPC: 7-59606-01299-2-00711
1
Ti:There Goes the Neighborhood: - / A watery welcome wagon / Bye bye, burpas!21 (8-7-6)
Cr:W-Trina Robbins   P/L-Walter Carzon   I/F-David Hunt   L-John Costanza   C-Ben Sean   AsiEd-Lisa Zampella   Ed-Hildy Mesnik   E-i-C-Carl Potts
81995/04CCA$1.50
Front coverBill Fugate, Matt Maley
UPC: 7-59606-01299-2-00811
1
Ti:Gone With the Waves: - / Thanks, but no thanks / It's the thought that counts21 (7-9-5)
Cr:W-Trina Robbins   P/L-Walter Carzon   I/F-Richard Hoover   L-John Costanza   C-Ben Sean   AsiEd-Lisa Zampella   Ed-Hildy Mesnik
Rm:Correction of credits given in Disney's The Little Mermaid #9 (R,Hoover instead of D.Hunt)
91995/05CCA$1.50
Front cover?
UPC: 7-59606-01299-2-00911
1
Ti:The Sea Horse Tournament: - / No contest / May the best Merboy win!21 (7-7-7)
Cr:W-Kayte Kuch, Sheryl Scarborough   P/L-Cosme Quartieri   I/F-David Hunt   L-John Costanza   C-Ben Sean   AsiEd-Lisa Zampella   Ed-Hildy Mesnik
101995/06CCA$1.50
Front coverBill Fugate, Matt Maley
UPC: 7-59606-01299-2-01011
1
Ti:The Sorrowful Sea Monster: - / Poor monster / The monster rally21 (7-8-6)
Cr:W-Trina Robbins   P/L-Walter Carzon   I/F-David Hunt   L-John Costanza   C-Ben Sean   AsiEd-Lisa Zampella   Ed-Hildy Mesnik
111995/07CCA$1.50
Front coverRichard Hoover
UPC: 7-59606-01299-2-01111
1
Ti:The Wrong Queen: - / Deep sea deception / Which is witch?21 (6-9-6)
Cr:W-Trina Robbins   P/L-Walter Carzon   I/F-David Hunt   L-John Costanza   C-Ben Sean   AsiEd-Lisa Zampella   Ed-Hildy Mesnik
121995/08CCA$1.50
Front cover?
UPC: 7-59606-01299-2-01211
1
Ti:Of Myths and Mermaids: - / Through the mists of time / Movers and shakers21 (6-7-8)
Cr:W-Trina Robbins   P/L-Walter Carzon   I/F-David Hunt   L-John Costanza   C-Ben Sean   AsiEd-Lisa Zampella   Ed-Hildy Mesnik

Disney's The Three Musketeers (Movie Adaptation) (1994)

Based on the novel by Alexandre Dumas.

11994/01CCA$1.50
Front coverGray Morrow1
Ti:-22
Cr:W-Boobie J.G. Weiss   P/L-Dan Spiegle   I/F-Dan Spiegle   L-Carrie Spiegle   C-Carl Gafford   Ed-Karen Kreider, Hildy Mesnik, Lisa Ramée   E-i-C-Tom DeFalco   Base-Alexandre Dumas
21994/02CCA$1.50
Rm:Date on cover is 1994/02, in imprint it is 1994/01
Front coverGray Morrow1
Ti:-22
Cr:W-Boobie J.G. Weiss   P/L-Dan Spiegle   I/F-Dan Spiegle   L-Carrie Spiegle   C-Carl Gafford   Ed-Karen Kreider, Hildy Mesnik, Lisa Ramée   E-i-C-Tom DeFalco   Base-Alexandre Dumas

Disney's Pocahontas (One-shot) (1995)

11995 $4.95
Front cover?1
Ti:??
Cr:?

Disney's Toy Story (1995)

11995/12CCA$4.95
Front cover?1
Ti:-46
Cr:W-Bob Foster   P/L-[N.A.]   I/F-[N.A.]   L-John Costanza   C-[N.A.]   Ed-Hildy Mesnik   Dsgn-Sheryl O'connell   Editorial Director-Katy Dobbs
Rm:Uses actual computer images from the movie.; There is one additional page with the recap/intro the credits.

Disney's The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1996)

11996/07 $4.95
Front cover?1
Variant cover(s)

TypeRemarksCreditsPagesPrice
Variant coverWal-Mart edition?1?
Ti:-?
Cr:Adapt-T. Jeanette Steiner   P/L-Orlando de la Paz, Brian Mon, Denise Shimabukuro, Dan Spiegle, Scott Tilley   I/F-Horacio Ottolini, Dan Spiegle, Scott Tilley   L-Thomas S. Phong   C-Susan Daigle-Leach, Malibu's (Violent) Hues   Ed-Amy Weingartner   Editorial Director-Katy Dobbs   Manufacturing Coordinator-Matthew Hicks
Ch:Main: The Hunchback of Notre Dame
Rp:Reprint from Disney Comic Hits #10

Tron: Betrayal (2010-2011)

UPC:7-59606-07488-4

© 2010 Disney Enterprise Inc. All rights reserved. Based on characters created by Steven Lisberger and Bonnie MacBird for the feature film, Tron, and based on characters created by Eddy Kitsis and Adam Horowitz for the feature film, Tron: Legacy.

12010/11A$4.99
Front coverSalvador Larroca, Frank G. D'Armata
UPC: 7-59606-07488-4-00111 / Marvel Preview
1
Ti:-52
Cr:W-Jai Nitz, Starlight Runner Entertainment   P/L-Andie Tong   I/F-[N.G.]   L-John J. Hill   C-Peter Pantazis   Dsgn-Jeffrey Powell
Rp:Reprinted in ...
Feature(s)

TypeTitleCreditsPgs.
PreviewPreview of cover art of Tron: Betrayal #2Salvador Larroca, Frank G. D'Armata1
22011/01A$4.99
Front coverSalvador Larroca, Frank G. D'Armata
UPC: 7-59606-07488-4-00211 / Marvel Preview
1
Ti:??
Cr:W-Jai Nitz?   P/L-Andie Tong?
Rp:Reprinted in ...

Tron: The Betrayal (Graphic Novel) (2011)

12011/01A$9.99
Front coverJock1
Ti:-?
Cr:W-Jai Nitz, Starlight Runner Entertainment   P/L-Andie Tong   I/F-[N.G.]   L-John J. Hill   C-Peter Pantazis   Dsgn-Jeffrey Powell
Rp:Reprint from Tron: Betrayal #1
Ti:??
Cr:W-Jai Nitz?   P/L-Andie Tong?
Rp:Reprint from Tron: Betrayal #2

Tron: Original Movie Adaptation GN-TPB (2011)

12011/07A$9.99
Front coverGreg Land
ISBN: 978-0-7851-5320-7 / Marvel Preview
1
Ti:-?
Cr:W-Peter David   P/L-Mirco Pierfederici   I/F-Mirco Pierfederici   L-Blambot, Nathan Piekos   C-Mirco Pierfederici   AsiEd-Charlie Beckerman   Ed-Ralph Macchio   E-i-C-Joe Quesada   Dsgn-Jeffrey Powell   Pub-Dan Buckley
Rp:Reprint from Tron: Original Movie Adaptation #1
Ti:-?
Cr:W-Peter David   P/L-Mirco Pierfederici   I/F-Mirco Pierfederici   L-Blambot, Nathan Piekos   C-Mirco Pierfederici   AsiEd-Charlie Beckerman   Ed-Ralph Macchio   E-i-C-Joe Quesada   Dsgn-Jeffrey Powell   Prod-Taylor Esposito   Pub-Dan Buckley
Rp:Reprint from Tron: Original Movie Adaptation #2

Marvel

UHBMCC

File created on 2021 11 12