Legal disclaimer:

This web site features characters that are copyrighted and trademarked by Marvel Characters, Inc. or on several occasions by other owners (DC, Image etc.). No breach of copyright laws is intended, but should it happen please lt me know (mail address see below) and I will change the web site immediately.

Marvel characters: The characters and the distinctive likeness(es) thereof are Trademarks of Marvel Characters, Inc. and are used with permission. Copyright ©1939-present Marvel Characters, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Other characters are trademarks of their respective owners and are used without permission.

News! News! News!

No news are good news.

What is this web site about?

The long-time goal of this web site is to list all comics ever published by Marvel Comics and give to each comic when it was published and who was the creative team. Further it provides a list of storyarcs and crossovers, a list of published comics sorted by date, an index to the people who bring you your favorite comics, a list showing where a comic has been reprinted and an index for the appearance of characters.
The task to gather and complete the data is twofold: On the one side all new comics published by Marvel Comics are listed and on the other side the comics of the past are completed. Especially the gathering of old information is time-consuming - and all and any help is appreciated. And slowly but steady the goal will be reached.

The UHBMCC originally started as a two men enterprise (Paulo and Markus), but in the meantime many people have joined in the task of completing this web site (See the "Thanks to..." page for all the details). Some are just dropping a line to correct even a minor error, others came to the rescue for many months and many missing data. I would like to say a big THANK YOU to all of you for sharing your time and the dream!
Especially the following guys who have been helping me through the last years and month by month with missing data, corrections, checking the data I already have, and providing suggestions, insights and a second point-of-view that leads to improvement of the UHBMCC:

Barry PearlChris NowlinDaniel P. SandersDel Gruber
Gerald BerseGernot ZipperlingJeff JaworskiJessie Long
Randy TischlerSascha OppelczYiannis Anastasakis

They are the giants on whose shoulders I am standing.

Paulo's site

Due to a new and very demanding job Paulo can currently divert only very few time to his hobbies. For the UHBMCC this means that his site will not be updated for some time to come.

How to navigate in four easy steps:

Each page has one menu bar on the top. For displaying the data there are four additional frames for navigation. (BTW, for those who have not yet figure it out: It is possible to drag the borders between the individual frames so that you can adapt the layout to your needs. Alas, the layout is not stored - but when someone knows how to save the layout in a cookie I would be glad to add this.)

  • The first frame is to select the index (series, names, dates) etc. In this frame also the first selection can be made. Usually there are letters, except for the dates where there are decades.
  • The second frame is to select a group of series or a story arc, name, year etc.
  • The third frame contains more data about the item selected in the second frame and a list of series or issues for this item. For series that are marked with a red dot complete, the date, number of pages, title, writer, penciler, inker, letterer and colorist of all stories of all issues are know.
  • The fourth frame contains the data of the issues for the series that was selected in the third frame.

Using the links within these frames you can select the required data from this handbook:

  1. Choose whether you want to enter the handbook sorted by characters and/or series, story arcs, names of a creator, date, reprinted issue or appearance. Click on the according button and the selected information will be shown in the second frame.
  2. Now select in the second frame the character and/or series, story arc, name, date, reprinted issue of character name for which you need information and the third frame will show you all available series/issues and further information. About the character and/or series: To minimize the number of entries, series featuring the same character are grouped together and listed under the character's name. So, "Amazing Spider-Man" is listed under "S", not "A". Should there be more than one character in the name of a series (e.g. "Kitty Pride and Wolverine") you will find the series listed under both characters. To get more quickly to a certain entry you can use the letters/decade numbers in the navigation area. The Reprint crossreference is only sorted by the name of the series. So you will find "Kitty Pride and Wolverine" only at "K", not at "W".
  3. Now select from the third frame the series/issue you want. The fourth frame will show you the series and a list of all issues that are contained in the handbook. Hint: For names, dates and apperances clicking on the name of the series will take you to its first issue, but clicking on the issue number will take you directly to this issue.
  4. Finally look for the issue number you need information, e.g. by scrolling or by using your browser's "Find" function.

The data are presented in a table that looks like this:

DateRating / Link to digital comicPrice
Cover typeCover artists
Remarks for the cover / Link to preview
BkCr:Credits for the whole issue 
Ti:Title of the storyPages
Cr:Creator names for the story 
Rm:Remarks for the story 
Ch:Characters for the story 
Rp:Reprint information 
Tr:Link to the translations 
W#:Work number 
Lk:Additional links 

No. is the issue number. The field spans over the cover data and all stories in the same issue, which are listed in the sequence they appear in the issue. The issue number may be followed by a second number in square brackets - this is the alternative number given for some issues.
Date is the date the comic was released. The format is YYYY/MM when a release month is given, else it is YYYY. If a comic was published "early" or "late" within a month, this is given as an additional comment. For some comics instead of a month a season (spring, summer, fall, winter) is given. A question mark indicates that the information about the date is missing (if you have it, please send an e-mail!)
Rating is the rating of the issue, Please see the chapter Rating for more information.
Price is the cover price given for the issue.
Cover artists are the names of all artists who worked on the cover or the variant cover.
Pages is the number of pages over which a cover spreads. A normal cover counts as one page, wrap-around cover counts as two pages, a gate-fold cover counts as two or more pages. In order to count as multi-page cover, the motive on the front cover must continue on the other pages.
The information is listed for each known cover variant (including additional printings). When the backside of the issue features a motive that is not connected to the frontside, the credits for the two covers are given in this section (FC = frontside cover, BC = backside cover). The backside cover is not listed when it only contains text or reprints art taken from the comic itself.
Credits for the whole issue lists the people involved in creating the issue, but which are not credited for a specific story. (These are mostly reprint editors etc. for TPBs.) Each entry is prefixed with a key stating what was done by the specific person(s). See below for a list of the keys.
Title is the title that was given to a particualar story. Some times it is missing, because the story has no title, which is indicated by a '-'. For a few issues the title was taken from the cover, as I think that was the intention of the creators; it is stated under Remarks where this happend. If a story is part of one or more multi-issue story arc(s), the names of the story arc(s) are listed before the title of the story. The first listed story arc is the more general one. If the title is missing, it is identical to the last given story arc. If the story arc is enclosed in square brackets it is not an official story arc name, but was added to indicate a multi-issue story. When the story is divided into chapters, the titles of the individual chapters are given, separated by '/'.
Pages is the number of (whole) pages the story occupies, rounded to the next higher integer if necessary. Ads are not counted. When the story is divided into chapters, an additional sequence of numbers in round brackets gives the number of pages for each chapter.
Creator names lists the names of the people involved with the creation of the story. Each entry is prefixed with a key stating what was done by the specific person(s). See below for a list of the keys. Usually it is not listed whether a person did not work on the whole issue, but only on singular pages. If the issue is divided into chapters that have all the same creators, these chapters are not individually listed. When a particular credit is not given for an issues, it is listed as [N.G.] (not given). When a task is not relevant for a story, it is listed as [N.A.] (not applicable), e.g. [N.A.] for the colorist usually means a story in black/white, [N.A.] for the inker (when penciler and colorist are given) usually means that the art is painted.
Remarks contains additional commentaries about the story.
Characters contains the name(s) of the main character(s) appearing in the story, when he/she/it/they is/are different from the main character(s) defined by the series or when the series does not have a main character at all. This way is possible to see e.g. which is the Hulk and which is the Sub-Mariner story in a Tales to Astonish issue. And which stories of an Spider-Man annual are not dedicated to the web slinger. For older issues, however, even the main character is listed, because a) this is sometimes the only way to identify a story and b) it is necessary to distinquish between stories that have no specific main character at all.
Reprint info contains the name of the series and the issue number of the original story that is reprinted. If the actual story itself is reprinted, a link with the text "Reprinted in..." exists. Clicking on the link will show a list of issues that reprint the actual story in the third frame.
Translations contains a link to the pages with the translation for non-English words and sentences in the story. For now that is limited to German, but I would be happy to add other languages, too. (Any one out there speaking Skrullian or Kree?)
Work number gives the work number (or job number) for the story. For older stories this is often the only way to identify a certain story. See also the complete list of work numbers.
Additional links (for now) contains a link to the Internet Move Database where you can learn more about the movie or TV series on which the story is based.
The data between Title and IMDB link are repeated for each story within an issue.
Features contains a list of additional features for the issue. Features are not (comic) stories, but any text, text story, pin-up, etc. that is not an ad (and in a few cases, even that when the ad contains unique art).


(Many thanks to Barry Pearl for re-writing this section with additional info that I did not have.)
There was no rating of comics before the Comic Code Authority was installed in 1955. Starting then, all of Marvel's comics had to be approved by the CCA or they could not be distributed to dealers. When the rebirth of Marvel's super hero comics began with Fantastic Four #1 in 1961 the CCA stamp was on all Marvel comics. Until the "anti-drug use issues" in Amazing Spider-Man #96-98 published in 1971. At this time any references to drugs, even if they were shown to be harmful, were not allowed. In 1971, a government agency, who knew nothing about the CCA, wrote to Stan Lee asking for anti drug stories. Stan, a smart guy, knew that he could use this as a political wedge to change the code and he got a huge amount of publicity out of it too! And by that time, comic book stores started opening so he knew sales would not be affected. By 1971, the new stand dealers had even forgotten about the code anyhow. Marvel's publication of these stories triggered a major revamping of the 15 year old code that same year. This revamping now allowed comics to portray not just drugs use, but vampires, werewolves and mummies. These horror standards soon "exploded" onto the Marvel schedule.

Nudity, Zombies and other "adult" themes were still barred by the CCA, but Marvel started a Black and White line of publications that were not subjected to the CCA. It should be noted that vampires were considered "the living dead" and were allowed by the CCA, but zombies were considered "the walking dead" and were not allowed.

Stan Lee said once in a "Stan's Soapbox" that he sees no problem with the Comic Code, because it is very similar to the internal policy of Marvel. This was because Marvel's internal policy had to conform to the code or their comics could not be published or distributed. Before the code, in the 1940s and 1950s, their standards, as portrayed in their stories, were quite different. In later years, Stan Lee and other creators from Marvel, have given examples of materials that were changed or deleted because of the censorship of the code.

In 2001 X-Force #116 was published and Marvel saw a problem, because this issue is not CCA approved, but it did not affect sales like it would have in 1955 when comics were only sold at newsstands. From that time on, Marvel dropped the CCA stamp completely and for a few months there was no rating of the comics at all.

Then Marvel installed following system (taken from Marvel Previews #20 2005/06):
All ages - Appropriate for for readers of all ages (like the Marvel Age series).
A, T - Appropriate for ages 9 and up.
PG (Parental Guidance), PSR (Parental Supervision Recommended), T+ (Suggested for Teens and Up) - Appropriate for most readers, parents are advised they may want to read before or with younger children (13+ years).
PG+, PSR+, Parental Advisory - Suggested for teen and up, but featuring more mature themes and/or more graphic imagery. Recommended for teen and adult readers. (15+ years).
MA (Mature Audience), "Explicit Content" - Most Mature Readers books will fall under the MAX Comics banner, created specifically for mature content titles. (18+ years).
Many series that Marvel publishes today get the rating "PSR"/"T+", many get "All Ages" and a few get "PSR+"/"PA" or "MA/EC". So that you can find these non-"PSR" series quicker, I have added a list of these series to my site. When you select the "Character/Series" tab, and go to the addendum, you'll find the links to these lists as "RATING:". All other navigating is as usual.

Marvel submitted not all comics to the CCA. Especially the black and white magazines that emerged after the Code was modified were not rated - in most cases that meant that they contained violence of nudity. The same can be said about the Epic line of comics, which was intented for mature readers in most cases anyway.
Alas, trade paperbacks that reprint CCA-approved comics were also not rated. And for unknown reasons a few issues throughout the years do not bear the CCA seal without any obvious reason, so I assume it was just an error during production.
Therefore the rating "Not rated" can have many reasons and does not necessarily mean that a comic is adult-oriented. For TPBs a look at the rating of the original issues can be helpful. In the cases where there is no rating, the contents however is obvious for mature readers or it looks as if the CCA seal has been omitted during production, I took the liberty to add a rating although the original book does not have it.

Color schemes

As everyone prefers the one or the other color, the UHBMCC provides a few color schemes which you can use to your personal taste.

Obsidian Ruby Amethyst Emerald Sapphire Ember Fire opal Silver Gold


With V85 a simple search has been introduced to the UHBMCC. This search works with JavaScript, which has the advantage that it can be done online and offline.
The search is limited to the names of the series, for the other indexes the search function of the browser should be sufficient. There is no search in the data area, however.
To invoke the search, go to the character/series index, the search form is at the top of the index of groups. As it needs JavaScript, the search will not work without it, but still the search form will be displayed.
Just enter the words (separated by blanks) you want to search for and choose whether all or any words have to be matched, then press the "Search" button. When you work online and use the search for the first time, it will take some time until the search data have been loaded (with V100 about 546KB, and growing). After the data are cached, searching will work much quicker. On my 1.7GHz Pentium notebook it takes only a few seconds until the search result is shown in the upper right frame. The search will take longer the more series are found.
I tested the search with FireFox 2.0 and Internet Explorer 6.0 and 7.0. As the program needs JavaScript 1.5, it does not work in e.g. Netscape Communicator 4.78 or Opera 6.04. (For Netscape you need at least version 6, for Opera version 7.) If you have troubles with any browser that supports JavaScript 1.5, but it still does not work, please contact me.

Links to series

In the internet I often find links to certain series listed within the UHBMCC. Which is basically OK, but as there are still many people with 56k modems (or even slower), I try to keep the size of the data files to about 50KB (which should not take longer than 15 seconds to load on a 56k modem). As a consequence, series sometimes gets moved to other data files, and any deep link to the series is broken.
As a work-around for this problem (and also for the German UHBMCC), I have created a way to link to a series that automatically adapts when a series is moved. All you have to do is make a link like this:
followed by the number of the series. As no-one is supposed to know that number, there is an easier way to get the link:
Go to any series, beside the title of it you will find the symbol save link. This contains a link to the series in the format shown above, you can copy this link to the clipboard and then paste it anywhere.

List of credits keys

For the credits of an issue or of a story, the names are prefixed with a key indicating the task performed by that person. To save space, only an abbreviation is given as key. In the following you can find the long texts:

AbbreviationLong text
ArtAsiArt Assistant
ArtDirArt Director
ArtReconArt Reconstruction/Restoration
AsiEdAssistant Editor
AsiEdSpecProjAssistant Editor Special Projects
AsiManEdAssistant Managing Editor
AsiProdManAssistant Production Manager
AsoEdAssociate Editor
AsoEdSpecProjAssociate Editor Special Projects
AsoManEdAssociate Managing Editor
BgrAsiBackground Assistant
BalRepBalloon Placement
BaseBased on Work
BrManBrand Manager
CharDsgnCharacter Design
ChiCreOffChief Creative Officer
CollEdCollection Editor
ColReconCorrColor Reconstruction/Corrections
ConsEdConsulting Editor
CopyEdCopy Editor
CvrDsgnCover Design
CvrReconCover Reconstruction
CreaConCreative Consultant
CreaDirCreative Director
DvlpDeveloped by
DiagAsiDialog Assistant
DigCoordDigital Coordinator
DigProdManDigital Production Manager
DirCircDirector of Circulation
DirDigCoDirector of Digital Content
DirMrktDirector of Marketing
DirSaleDirector of Sales
EdSpecProjEditor Special Projects
EdIntAsiEditorial Intern/Assistant/Staff
ExecEdExecutive Editor
ExecProdExecutive Producer
GrpEdGroup Editor
IntDsgnInterior Design
LegAdvSrvLegal Advice/Services
LinEdLine Editor
ManDirManaging Director
ManEdManaging Editor
NotPubNotary Public
OrigConOriginal Concept
PtgAsiPainting Assistant
PhotoEdPhoto Editor
PlotAsiPlot Assistant
ProdDirProduction Director
ProdManProduction Manager
ProjManProject Manager
RepEdReprint Editor
RsrchAsiResearch Assistant
SelColSelect Coloring
SenEdSenior Editor
SenEdSpecProjSenior Editor Special Projects
SenExecEdSenior Executive Editor
SenVPSaleSenior Vice President of Sales
SpecAsiSpecial Assists
StorEdStory Editor
SVEdSupervising Editor
TechConTechnical Advisor/Consultant
TrafManTraffic Manager
VPDigConVice President Digital Content
VPCreaVice President of Creative
VPDevVice President of Development
VPMerchCommVice President of Merchandising/Communications
VPSaleVice President of Sales
Important note


  • found an error in this database (there surely are a lot)?
  • have futher questions?
  • want to contribute missing entries?
  • want to share your thoughts about it?
  • just need somebody to cuss at?

Then send an e-mail (except in the last case) to:

Markus Mueller

Please use a subject in your mail that gives a hint that your mail is about the UHBMCC, else it might happen that the SPAM filter protection deletes your mail. A simple hint like UHMBCC or Marvel will do. Thanks.